Reducing HIV in Children

Although mother-to-child transmission of HIV is preventable through antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy and postpartum, there were more than 150,000 new infections in children (0 – 14 years) worldwide in 2019.[1] Despite the existence of Tuberculosis (TB) preventive treatment including pediatric vaccines, more than 12 percent of TB infections in 2019 occurred in children.[2] As a key implementing agency of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) supports treatment for maternal and pediatric HIV and TB disease, as well as efforts to prevent new infections.

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